The Three Macular Carotenoids: Complementary Functions of Lutein, Zeaxanthin and Meso-Zeaxanthin


Lutein and the two zeaxanthin isomers, RR-zeaxanthin (3R,3’R-zeaxanthin) and meso-zeaxanthin (3R,3’S-RS-zeaxanthin) are the only three carotenoids found in the eye, specifically in the macula of the retina (Bone et al. 1997). RR-zeaxanthin and meso-zeaxanthin are both considered zeaxanthin; they differ only in the spatial orientation of the hydroxyl group on the C3’ chiral position (Nolan et al. 2013 – see… More →

8 Ways to Prevent or Halt Macular Degeneration

“An ounce of prevention is worth a pound of cure.” The classic proverb was coined by Benjamin Franklin, who was obviously referencing the concept that it is easier to stop something from happening in the first place than to repair the damage after it has already been done. The notion rings true for many instances, particularly where eye disease is… More →

World Sight Day 2014

It’s a sobering fact: every five seconds someone in the world goes blind. Even more deplorable, about 80% of blindness cases are avoidable. In fact, around 285 million people worldwide are visually impaired due to cataracts, macular degeneration and other often avoidable causes. October 9th is World Sight Day, an international day of awareness that aims to focus attention on… More →

Supplementation with Three Different Macular Carotenoid Formulations in Patients with Early AMD

stephen beatty

A recent study published by the Journal of Retina researched the effects of three different macular carotenoid formulations in patients with early age-related macular degeneration. The 36 month study is the longest of its kind and was comprised of 52 subjects who all suffer from early AMD. By using three different carotenoid formulations (one being mostly lutein, another being the… More →

The Ingredients that Make MacuHealth Miraculous

So you or someone you know has been diagnosed with macular degeneration. Well, you’re not alone. The sight stealing disease affects over 30 million people worldwide. If you’re like most, you probably don’t know a lot about AMD- nor do you fully understand what’s going on inside your retina. Odds are you have a plethora of questions for your eye… More →

Meso-Zeaxanthin: Safe and Natural

In a recent article posted on, Professor John Nolan, principal investigator for the Macular Pigment Research Group at Waterford Institute of Technology in Ireland defended Meso-Zeaxanthin; a carotenoid that the same publication deemed unsafe and claimed was being fraudulently sold. In the article, Nolan discussed his opinions surrounding Meso-Zeaxanthin and its role in the treatment of macular degeneration. Nolan… More →

5 Recipes to Boost your Eyesight

We already know that Lutein, Zeaxanthin and Meso-zeaxanthin are key nutrients in improving and protecting vision. But did you know that carotenoids, specifically Lutein and Zeaxanthin, are prominent in foods like delicious kale, spinach, green peas and more? The notorious AREDs-2 has already confirmed that dietary carotenoids are necessary in slowing dry macular degeneration, plus they help to decrease risk… More →

How MacuHealth Saved my Sight from Macular Degeneration

In honor of Macular Degeneration Awareness week (Sept. 15-22), it’s our pleasure to introduce featured guest blogger and popular WCBM Baltimore radio personality, Frank Luber.  From conventions to elections to soccer moms to the Baltimore Ravens, nothing in or out of the news is out of bounds for this opinionated radio show host- including a frightening Age-related Macular Degeneration diagnosis… More →

Supplementation and AMD: The Results of AREDS-2

Back in 2001, researchers involved in the original AREDS (age-related eye disease study) reported that a formulation of vitamin c, vitamin e, beta-carotene, zinc and copper could reduce one’s risk of developing age-related macular degeneration. However, this formula received a few criticisms- primarily regarding its inclusion of potentially harmful beta-carotene. In fact, during the original AREDS trial, the National Cancer… More →

The Implications of AREDS 2 for Your Practice

macuhealth eye supplements

Following the recent publication of the long-awaited AREDS 2 study, MacuHealth LLC is delighted to have its stated view endorsed, namely that supplementation with ALL THREE MACULAR CAROTENOIDS represents the best means of preventing progression of age-related macular degeneration (AMD). It is now clear, scientifically documented and beyond dispute that: 1. AREDS 2 has demonstrated that the inclusion of macular… More →